Technical Terms

GLOSSARY OF TECHNICAL TERMS AND ACRONYMS
applied learning centre
assessment books
children’s books
cloud-computing
digital format digital publishing
educational publishing
ELT general titles
higher education ICT
IT
ISBN KBSM
Products that enable learners to experience practical and hands-on learning as opposed to theoretical and classroom learning from written materials. In addition, applied learning products serve to stimulate learners’ creativity and higher order thinking skills
A centre that facilitates practical and hands-on learning methods as opposed to theoretical and classroom learning from written materials. In addition, an applied learning centre helps cultivate creativity and higher order thinking skills through play and “learning by making”
Non-prescribed National School Curriculum based educational materials developed for students and teachers to test and evaluate students’ understanding and knowledge ofa particular topic and subject
Books intended for children to develop their reading and comprehension skills, and general knowledge. Some examples of children’s books may include activity books, readers, illustrated storybooks, illustrated reference books, poems, educational comics, fiction books and informational books
Provision of ICT services through the internet where users do not need to own physical infrastructure or software used for accessing services. Cloud computing generally covers the use ofone or more combination of processors, storage, software and platforms
A form of representation of materials or contents which may be stored, manipulated and transmitted electronically
Publication materials where the contents are stored in digital format and may be downloaded from an electronic storage site onto another device or made available through optical discs
Publication of materials designed to teach or to enable the users or consumers to learn and acquire knowledge and skills through these materials
English Language Teaching
Publications commonly intended for personal interest and development. Some examples of these include fiction, literature, art and cultural publications. Nevertheless, general titles may be used for educational and academic purposes in the relevant fields of studies. In the context of this Prospectus, it mainly refers to publications not generally used for school education purposes. Used interchangeably with general title books
Education provided by an education institution leading to the award of a diploma, degree or equivalent thereof
Information and communications technology
Information technology
International Standard Book Number, a unique numerical code given as an identifier for a specific edition or version ofa publication
Kurikulum Bersepadu Sekolah Menengah -Integrated Curriculum for Secondary Schools in Malaysia
KSSM
KSSR
materials
MELTA Ministry ofEducation model test papers
National Curriculum National Education System
national schools
National School Curriculum Kurikulum Bersepadu Sekolah Rendah -Integrated Curriculum for Primary Schools in Malaysia
Kurrikulum Standard Sekolah Menengah -Standard Curriculum for Secondary Schools in Malaysia (with effect from 2017)
Kurrikulum Standard Sekolah Rendah -Standard Curriculum for Primary Schools in Malaysia (with effect from 20 II)
In the context of this Prospectus, it is used to refer to contents comprising one or some combination of literacy works, artistic works, data, information, still images, moving images and sound
Malaysian English Language Teaching Association
Refers to the Ministry of Education, Malaysia, unless otherwise stated
Non-prescribed National School Curriculum based educational materials, which simulate national examination papers and/or examination papers in line with prevailing national examination standards. These materials are developed for students to use as practice and exercise materials for their preparations for examinations as well as for teachers to assess students’ performance on a particular subject
Used interchangeably with National School Curriculum
According to the Education Act 1996, the National Education System in Malaysia comprises the following:
pre-school education;
primary education;
secondary education;
post-secondary education; and
higher education.
In the context of this Prospectus, the National Education System refers mainly to primary and secondary education in Malaysia.
The National Education System for primary and secondary education in Malaysia primarily uses the National School Curriculum.
Used interchangeably with public schools
In the context of this Prospectus, it refers to the Malaysian National School Curriculum. The National School Curriculum is a series of standardised courses prescribed by the Ministry of Education for conducting education in all kindergartens, primary and secondary schools, excluding international, expatriate, correspondence and some special education and religious schools, in Malaysia. It also includes government or government-aided colleges that provide post-secondary education
GLOSSARY OF TECHNICAL TERMS AND ACRONYMS (Cont’d)
National School Curriculum based educational materials
online
online publishing past year examination papers PMR
post-secondary education
print publishing private schools

In the context of this Prospectus, it refers to educational publications developed based on the National School Curriculum. National School Curriculum based educational materials may cover prescribed and nonĀ­prescribed materials. Prescribed materials commonly refer to textbooks, which are compulsory educational materials prescribed by the Ministry of Education for use in schools. Non-prescribed materials commonly include workbooks, revision guides, assessment books, model test papers, actual past year examination papers and readers, which are not compulsory materials prescribed by the Ministry of Education fur use in schools but containing contents that comply with the National School Curriculum
Digital data, tools and resources made available through the internet. Used interchangeably with web-based
Publication materials where the contents are accessible through a website
Examination papers from past years’ national examinations such as UPSR, PMR, SPM and STAM
Penilaian Menengah Rendah -Lower Secondary Assessment, set and run by Malaysian Examinations Syndicate. It is intended for:
school candidates which are form 3 students of government secondary
schools, government aided secondary schools or other schools recognised
by the Ministry of Education
private candidates who have sat for PMRlSRPlLower Certificate of
EducationlSabah Junior School Certificate/Sarawak Junior School
Certificate or undergone a course of studies recognised by State Directors
of Education comprising the same level with Form 3 in schools that
receive government aids

In the context of this Prospectus, it refers to education for individuals who have completed secondary education but does not include higher education
Publication of materials in printed format
Generally, it refers to schools maintained out ofprivate funds. It comprises
primary and secondary:
private academic schools;
private religious schools;
private special education schools;
international schools;
expatriate schools; and

correspondence schools. and also
Chinese independent secondary schools.

Private schools also use the National School Curriculum with the exception of international, expatriate, correspondence and some special education and religious schools.
GLOSSARY OF TECHNICAL TERMS AND ACRONYMS (Cont’d)
publication materials
publishing readers revision guides
SaaS
SJK(C) SPM
SRP It refers to schools maintained out ofpublic funds. It comprises the following:
Primary Education:
national primary schools;
national-type schools (Chinese);
national-type schools (Tamil);
government aided religious schools; and
special education schools.

Secondary Education:
national secondary schools;
government aided religious school;
national religious schools;
special education schools;
fully residential schools;
arts and sports schools; and
technical/vocational schools.

In the context of this Prospectus, all publication materials are assumed to be print publications, unless stated otherwise
The process of acquiring, preparing, producing and disseminating materials to the masses or some special interest groups
In the context of this Prospectus, it refers to educational materials developed to improve reading and comprehension skills
In the context of this Prospectus, it refers to non-prescribed National School Curriculum based educational materials developed for revision purposes. These materials are commonly use as study companions and teaching references
Software-as-a-Service, which refers to software for which a user pays a recurring fee for the continuing right to use the software, as opposed to making a single payment or fixed price for the right to use the software on a permanent basis. The recurring fee may be charged based on usage or time periods
Sekolah Jenis Kebangsaan (Cina) (national-type school (ChineseĀ»)
Sijil Pelajaran Malaysia -Malaysian Certificate of Education, set and run by
Malaysian Examinations Syndicate. It is intended for: school candidates which are Form 5 students of government schools, government aided schools, government aided religious schools, schools under other government agencies, state religious secondary schools, private schools registered with the Ministry of Education, people’s religious secondary schools, and have reached the age of 16 on 1 January of the examination year; private candidates who have sat for SPM/SPM (Vocational)/Malaysian Vocational Certificate of Education (SPVM)/Malaysian Certificate of Education (MCE), or have sat for PMR at least one year before applying to register for SPM, or have reached the age of 17 on I January of the examination year
Sijil Rendah Pelajaran -Lower Certificate of Education. SRP was replaced by PMRin 1993

STPM
supplementary educational materials
textbooks
title
UPSR
web-ba~ed
workbooks Sijil Tinggi Agama Malaysia -Malaysian Higher Certificate of Religious Education, set and run by Malaysian Examinations Syndicate. It is intended for students who have undergone course of studies using the curriculum of Ma’ahad Bu’uth AI-Azhar, have sat for SPM or have reached the age of 18 on I January 0 f the examination year
Sijil Tinggi Pelajaran Malaysia -Malaysian Higher School Certificate, set and run by Malaysian Examination Council. It is generally intended for candidates who have passed Malay Language examination in the SPM examination, and has obtained one of the following qualifications for at least two (2) years before being eligible for STPM examination:
SPM in 1999 or previous years;
SPM (Vocational);
Malaysian Certificate ofEducation (MCE);
Federation of Malaya Certificate of Education;
Cambridge School Certificate;
General Certificate ofEducation (GCE)/Sijil Am Pelajaran (SAP) (Malaysia
or Cambridge, with three (3) normal passes acquired in one (I) sitting of an
examination); and
SPM in 2000 to 2011 which was obtained in one (I) examination with a
minimum grade ofC for three (3) subjects or a minimum grade ofC for two
(2) subjects and a pass in four (4) other subjects.
In the context of this Prospectus, it refers to non-curriculum based materials intended for general teaching, learning as well as to facilitate the learning process
In the context of this Prospectus, it refers to National School Curriculum based educational materials prescribed by the Ministry of Education as the main source of learning materials for use in primary and secondary schools, covering primary, secondary and post-secondary levels ofeducation
In reference to the publication industry, each published work is referred to as a title
For example, a title could be a specific book. The book could be for a particular subject in a particular level of education. A book may also have various editions with the same name. Each edition is considered as a separate title. Usually each title will have its own ISBN (ISBN is not compulsory)
Ujian Pencapaian Sekolah Rendah -Primary School Achievement Test, set and run by Malaysian Examinations Syndicate. It is intended for year six students of national schools, national-type schools and private schools that are registered with the Ministry of Education
Used interchangeably with online
In the context of this Prospectus, it refers to non-prescribed National School Curriculum based educational materials developed for the use as homework or formative exercises in schools. These materials are sometimes selected by school authorities for inclusion as part of their educational materials used in schools

 

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