Technical Terms

GLOSSARY OF TECHNICAL TERMS
Aqua SMART
BOO
BOT
BTO
CCGT
COD
DMA
EPC
EPCM EPCIC equivalent availability
factor GIS
GWh
kJ km
kWh Strategic management and analytical resource terminal system is a web­based application developed as an operational tool and has become an integral component of the NRW reduction strategy
Build operate own, a form of project financing where it involves a private entity financing, designing, constructing, operating and maintaining the assets during the agreed concession period, and the concessionaire will take ownership of these assets after the expiry of the concession
Build operate transfer, a form of project financing where it involves a private entity financing, designing, constructing, operating and maintaining the assets during the agreed concession period and the concessionaire will transfer these assets to the government or client after the expiry of the concession
Build transfer operate which involves the design, construction and handover of the assets to the client after the construction such that the concessionaire will operate and maintain the assets on behalf of the client during the concession period
Combined-cycle gas fired turbines including gas turbines, steam turbine generator, heat recovery steam generators and all ancillaries
Commercial operation date, being the date on which a facility has completed all testing and commissioning and is the initiation date to which electricity can be generated for sale
District metering areas refer to the division of a water supply system into smaller areas which allows the monitoring of treated water circulated and water consumed thereby facilitating the monitoring of NRW
Engineering, procurement and construction. This refer to the provision of services comprising project design, procurement of materials and construction work
Engineering, procurement, construction and management
Engineering, procurement, construction, installation and commissioning
The availability of a power plant facility to produce electrical energy during an applicable period for delivery to the customer
Geographical Information System. GIS is a mapping system that provides information on customers, the pipe network, infrastructure facilities and water quality indices, and is used as a tool to improve the efficiency of water supply management operations
Gigawatt hour, a unit of energy representing one billion watt hours and is equivalent to one million kilowatt hours
Kilojoule
Kilometre
Square kilometre
Kilowatt hour, the basic unit for the measurement of electricity production
xxv

 

GLOSSARY OF TECHNICAL TERMS (cant’d)
leachate waste
Mgd
MLD
MW
NRW
O&M
potable water treatment plant
pH
TOT
thermal efficiency
wastewater treatment plant
water treatment plant Waste that is produced when water seeps through heap of garbage at landfills carrying along the substances from the garbage
Million gallons per day
Million litres per day
Megawatt, equivalent to 1,000 kilowatts
Non-revenue water. Normally presented in percentage which indicates the water loss (without yielding any revenue) compared to the total water supplied into the water supply system
Operations and maintenance, being the performance of routine, preventive, predictive, scheduled, and unscheduled actions aimed at preventing equipment failure or decline with the goal of increasing efficiency, reliability and safety
Generally synonymous with the water treatment plant, potable water produced is safe and suitable for human consumption
A measure of the activity of the (solvated) hydrogen ion
Take-over operating transfer involves taking over existing assets from the client, and operate and maintaining these assets during the concession period. The concessionaire will transfer the assets to the government or the client after the expiry of the concession
A performance measure of a thermal device such as a power plant boiler expressing the output of the device as a percentage of the heat or energy content consumed
A physical plant comprising building structures, mechanical and electrical components with a range of physical, biological and chemical processes and facilities to treat influent (i.e. wastewater) such that certain agreed and/ or approved effluent discharge quality is met before discharging the effluent to the designated channels
A physical plant with facilities comprising building structures, mechanical and electrical components with a range of physical and chemical processes to abstract and treat raw water to produce clean potable water that meet the standard prescribed by the authority or regulatory bodies
(The rest of this page has been intentionally left blank)
xxvi

 

Comments are closed