Technical Terms

PE Multiple
Public Issue
Public Issue Sharers) or Issue Sharers)
RM and sen
RMB SC SGD sq. ft. Supreme Steehnakers

Underwriting Agreement
Vital Factor Price-earnings multiple LF Holdings, Ooi Bin Keong, Ooi Seng Khong, Ooi Kong Tiong, Ooi Shang

How, Ng Kok Teong, Ng Lam Keong, Ooi Pek Kuan, Ng Kok Wee and NCT, collectively This prospectus dated 13 May 2013 in relation to our IPO All persons or members of the public but excluding our Directors, substantial
shareholders and persons connected or associated with them (as defined in the
Listing Requirements)
The 59,310,000 new Leon Fuat Shares, representing approximately 19.13% of the enlarged issued and paid-up share capital of Leon Fuat at the IPO Price 59,310,000 new Leon Fuat Shares to be issued pursuant to the Public Issue
Ringgit Malaysia and sen, respectively
Renminbi Securities Commission of Malaysia Singapore Dollar Square feet Supreme Steelmakers Sdn Bhd (21 0422-M) The underwliting agreement dated 26 April 2013 made between our Company
and our Underwriter for the underwriting of up to 15,500,000 Public Issue Shares United States Dollar Vital Factor Consulting Sdn Bhd (266797-T)

alloy steel Alloy steel refers to steel that are mixed with a variety of elements to achieve certain mechanical properties such as strength, hardness, toughness and wear resistance. Some of the elements used in the mixture include manganese, nickel, chromium, vanadium, silicon and others.
angles Angles refer to a length of metal with sections of equal or unequal widths berit at 90 degrees to each other.
bars Long steel products that are rolled from billets into various shapes, commonly circular or rectangular, with solid cross-section. Bars generally have smaller cross-section compared to rounds.
beams Long steel product which is a load bearing structural member made by hot­rolling blooms, billets and beam blanks into various cross-sectional profiles, commonly “I” and “T”. It is also referred to as sections.

carbon steel
cold-rolled coil


deformed bars
expanded metal ferrous flat steel products
hot-rolled coil
I-beam Billets are semi-finished lengths of continuously cast steel, of circular or

rectangular cross-section with diameter or width of 50mm to 120mm. Billets
are used primarily as feedstock for hot-rolling or other processes to produce bars, rods and light sections. A billet is a smaller-sized bloom.
Blooms are semi-finished lengths of continuously cast steel, of circular or
rectangular cross-section of width more than 120 mm. Blooms are used
primarily as feedstock to produce long products such as beams and rails. A bloom is a bigger-sized billet.
Carbon steel is primarily iron mixed with carbon, with other elements present
in quantities too small to affect its properties. Carbon steel is usually used to
differentiate from stainless steel. Carbon content in carbon steel is commonly
between 0.02% and 2.00% by weight.
A channel is a steel section that is hot-rolled and bent at ninety degrees at both
edges to look like a square letter “U” or “e”.
Computer Numerical Control) which is a computerised controller that reads
instructions to control a machine tool. Equipment that are controlled by CNC


are commonly referred to as CNC machines, tools or systems.
Coil refers to continuous metal sheets that have been wound into a coil.
Cold-rolled coil refers to a coil of steel that has passed through a pair of rollers
to reduce its thickness at ambient temperature or at temperatures below its
recrystallisation temperature.
Cutting refers to the various processes used to resize and/or reshape metal
materials including shearing, bandsaw cutting, plasma cutting, laser cutting,
waterjet cutting and oxy-gas cutting. For long products, cutting refers to
cutting of the products into various lengths.
A reinforcing bar with a manufactured pattern of surface ridges that provide a locking anchorage with surrounding concrete.
A metal sheet with diamond-shaped holes.
Relating to or containing iron. As in ferrous metal, which is metal containing iron.
Flat steel products refer to steel products produced from primary steel slabs
that are further rolled into coils, plates or sheets. It also includes secondary products such as welded tubes and pipes that are produced from coils or sheets.
Hot-rolled coil refers to a coil of steel that has passed through a pair of rollers
to reduce its thickness at high temperatures above its recrystallisation temperature.
Hot-rolled long steel products with “I” shaped cross-section. I-beams are
structural members that are load bearing and commonly used in the construction industry.

long steel prodncts
mild steel


oxy-gas cntting
pipes plates processing
quenched steel
rolled steel product
A metal product obtained from the solidification of liquid steel. It is casts in a shape that is convenient for handling, storage, shipping or rolling into steel

products after reheating.
Levelling refer to process to flatten the steel coils or sheets or strips using rollers, and also flatten any shape deficiencies such as wavy edges and buckles in the sheet or coil.
Long steel products refers to steel products produced from primary steel blooms, billets, beam blanks and ingots such as rounds, bars, wire rods, sections and channels. It also includes secondary products such as wire mesh and fittings produced from rolled steel long products.
Mild steel is a type of carbon steel containing approximately 0.16% to 0.29%

Not containing iron. As in non-ferrous metal, metal that does not contain iron.
Oxy-gas cutting refers to a type of cutting process involving combustion of metal using oxygen and fuel gas.
Tubular channels, of circular, rectangular, square or other cross-section.
Sheets of stainless steel or carbon steel with a width of more than 8 inches, and a thickness ranging from ~ inch to more than 1 foot.
Processing refers to a production process whereby a feedstock is subjected to some production process without producing a finished good at the end of that process. The resulting product is normally subjected to further processing or manufacturing to produce usable finished goods.
In the context of this prospectus, it refers to one (J) or more of the following activities including cutting, levelling, shearing, profiling, bending and
finishing of steel products. Revenue derived from processing of steel products is mainly in the form of sales ofthe processed material.
Cutting of flat metal materials into various irregular shapes, sizes and angles.
Steel that is hardened through a rapid cooling process by immersing the steel
in various quenching mediums, including water, oil, air, salt brine and vacuum.
Hot-rolled steel products that are mainly used to make tracks for railways.
A long steel product commonly with circular solid cross-section of a diameter at least 5mm. Rods generally have smaller cross-section compared to rounds.
Rolled steel product refers to primary steel products that have undergone hot­rolling andlor cold-rolling processes. Examples of rolled steel products include hot-rolled and cold-rolled flat and long products such as coils, plates,
sheets/strips, bars, rolillds, sections and wire rods.
A long steel product commonly with circular solid cross-section of a diameter
at least 8mm. Rounds are normally used to produce seamless tubes and pipes.
Rounds generally have smaller cross-section compared to billets.
secondary steel product
shearing sheets
stainless steel
tempered steel
tool steel
wire rods
Secondary steel product refers to rolled steel products that have undergone further processing and/or have been fanned into finished products. Examples of secondary steel products include tubes and pipes, wire and wire products and sheet metal products.
Blooms or billets that are rolled in a rolling mill to form ‘L’, ‘U’, ‘T’ or ‘I’ profiles and shapes. Sections can be fanned through hot-rollng, cold-rolling or welding.
A long cylindrical steel column or rod which may act as the handle or body of a tool.
The process of cutting coils or sheets into various lengths.
Sheets of stainless steel or carbon steel with a width of more than 8 inches,
and a thickness of less than ‘;’ inch.
Flat semi-finished steel hot rolled from ingot or sheared from continuous caster’s output. It is usually used for further processing into hot-rolled coils, sheets and plates. Slabs commonly has a thickness of at least 50mm.
The process of cutting coils or sheets into various widths.
Stainless steel is a metal alloy whose major component is iron, with chromium
content of at least 10% by weight. Other alloying elements such as nickel,
zinc, silicon and carbon may also be added. Stainless steel is characterised by its resistance to corrosion.
Hardened steel that is reheated to attain the desired hardness and to reduce brittleness. The reheating process is usually carried out after the quenching
A group of steel hardened for use in making tools like moulds and dies for injection moulding, extrusion, die-casting, cutting tools, drilling bits, press tools, hand tools and quarrying tools and components. Tool steel is normally made out of carbon and alloy steel from various fonnulations for different applications. Characteristics of tool steel include hardness, resistance to
abrasion, and resistance to defonnation at high temperatures.
A long steel product commonly with circular solid cross-section. Wire rods
generally have smaller cross-section compared to rods. Wire rods are
commonly used for drawing smaller diameter wires used for wire fencing and other wire products.



Comments are closed