Technical Terms

[I Company Number: 1017164-M
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GLOSSARY OF TECHNICAL TERMS

This glossary contains explanation of certain terms used in this Prospectus in connection with our Group and business. The terminologies and their meanings may not correspond to the standard industry meanings or usage of these terms.
“auger(s)”
“basement slab”
“bedrock”
“BM TRADA”
“bored piles”
ItCIDB”
“contiguous bored pile walls”
“conventional (bottom-up) construction method”

“crawler”
“defect liability period”
“diaphragm walls”

“DOSH”
“driven piles”
“earth retaining system”
“earthworks” A tool consisting of a twisted rod of metal fixed to a handle, used for making large holes in the ground
Slabs that form the surface of the basement floor
The hard area of rock in the ground, which holds up the soil above
BM TRADA Certification Limited, United Kingdom, which is a leading multi­sector certification body accredited by United Kingdom Accreditation Service
BM TRADA’s portfolio of services includes certification to’ quality, environmental, energy, information security, health and safety and food safety management systems, as well as chain of custody and product and personnel schemes
A type of pile that is concreted at a permanent location at the holes bored in the ground
The Construction Industry Development Board of Malaysia
Walls that are formed by bored piles constructed at close spacing
A construction method where excavation works shall commence after the completion of piling works and retaining system until the lowest slab level. The work sequence then starts from the lowest slab level by constructing pile cap, lowest basement slab and column progressing upwards towards the ground level
A continuous mechanical track
A warranty period where a contractor has to undertake to repair or make good at his own cost and expense any defects or faults in the work performed as stated in the agreement
Rectangular reinforced concrete walls
Department of Occupational Safety and Health, Ministry of Human Resources of Malaysia
Pre-manufactured or precast piles that are driven into the ground by driving the piles into the ground with hydraulic hammer mounted on a crawler rig
A support system created to retain or support the earth during excavation works
Works involving excavation works and constructing temporary steel platform and staging, which form part of the scopes and sequences of construction works for pile caps and basement slabs
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iCompany Number: 1017164-M ~
GLOSSARY OF TECHNICAL TERMS (CONT’D)
“excavation works”

 

“Gantt chart”
“GBIII
“HSE” “ISO”

“ISO 14001 :2004”
“ISO 9001 :2000”
“ISO 9001 :2008”
“jack-In-piles”

 

“king post”
Works involving excavating the earth and transporting them within the site to make up level or to an off-site dumping ground
A Gantt chart is a visual representation of a project schedule. A type of bar chart, a Gantt charts show the start and finish dates of the different required elements of a project. Henry Laurence Gantt, an American mechanical engineer, is recognised for developing the Gantt chart
Green Building Index, is Malaysia’s industry recognised green rating tool for buildings to promote sustainability in the built environment and raise awareness among developers, architects, engineers, planners, designers, contractors and the public about environmental issues and their responsibility to the future generations
Health, Safety and Environment
International Organisation for Standardisation, is the world’s largest developer of voluntary International Standards. International Standards give state of the art specifications for products, services and good practice, helping to make industry more efficient and effective. Developed through global consensus, they help to break down barriers to international trade
ISO 14001:2004 sets out the requirements for an environmental management system to enable an organisation to develop and implement a policy and objectives which take into account legal requirements and other requirements to which the organisation subscribes, and information about significant environment aspects
ISO 9001 :2000 sets out the requirements for a quality management system where an organisation needs to demonstrate its ability to consistently provide product that meets customer and applicable statutory and regulatory requirements, and aims to enhance customer satisfaction through the effective application of the system, including processes for continual improvement of the system and the assurance of conformity to customer and applicable statutory and regulatory requirements. This standard was revised by ISO 9001 :2008
ISO 9001 :2008 sets out the requirements for a quality management system where an organisation needs to demonstrate its ability to consistently provide product that meets customer and applicable statutory and regulatory requirements, and aims to enhance customer satisfaction through the effective application of the system, including processes for continual improvement of the system and the assurance of conformity to customer and applicable statutory and regulatory requirements. This standard revised ISO 9001:2000. ISO 9001:2008 has been developed in order to introduce clarifications to the existing requirements of ISO 9001 :2000 and to improve compatibility with ISO 14001 :2004. ISO 9001 :2008 does not introduce additional requirements nor does it change the intent of the ISO 9001 :2000 standard.
Jack-in-piles are pre-manufactured or precast piles that are jacked into the ground by form of exerting large force using hydraulic or mechanical jack-in machine
A central vertical post
vii ICompany Number: 1017164-M I
GLOSSARY OF TECHNICAL TERMS (CONT’O)

“LAD”
“lateral support system”
“LPIP Act”
“pile cap”

“PKK”
“aMS”
“‘rebar”
“retention sum”

 

“soffit”
“SPKK”
“staging areas”
“steel sheet pile

walls”
“substructure
works”
“temporary steel platforms”
“top-down construction method” Liquidated and ascertained damages are damages due to customer calculated at a rate as stated in the contract agreement when a construction contractor fails to deliver the completed work within a period stipulated in the said contract agreement
A support system to prevent excessive movements in the earth retaining system. Ground anchors and steel strutting are two (2) of the most used lateral support system
Lembaga Pembangunan Industri Pembinaan Malaysia Act 1994
A thick concrete slab that is constructed above a group of installed piles and acts as support to the column which supports the superstructure
Pusat Khidmat Kontraktor, whose vision is to ensure the existence of quality bumiputera business and industrial community towards achieving Vision 2020
Quality Management System
Reinforcement bar
An amount of progress billings which is not paid until the conditions specified in the agreement for the payment of such amounts have been met or until defects have been rectified
The underside of an architectural structure such as an arch, a balcony, or overhanging eaves
Sijil Perolehan Kerja Kerajaan, Maiaysia (Certificate of Malaysian Government works procurement)
Designated areas in the construction site where all the vehicles, machinery, materials and tools are located for access
A continuous steel wall that is formed with the steel sheet piles, which have interlocking flangers
Consist of pile cap, basement floors and columns up to the ground floor levei
Platforms constructed to facilitate the movement of machinery and lorries
A construction method where the structure is constructed downwards from ground level, rather than starting from downwards towards ground level. The constructed upper slab is usually constructed in a ring shape around the perimeter of the structure, thus acts as lateral support to the retaining system. The inner ring allows space for further excavation works to proceed.
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