Technical Terms

liO::mpany No.: 100152t!J
GLOSSARY OF TECHNICAL TERMS
To facilitate better understanding of the business of our Group, the following glossary contains an explanation and description of certain terms used in this Prospectus in connection with our Group. The terms and their meanings may not correspond to standard industry meanings or usage of these terms.
“3D”
“Actuators”
“Algorithm”
“CAD”
“Cantilever drawbridge”

“CEMS”
“Clarification”

“CPO”
“Deburring”

“Depericarper”

 

“Digester”
“Digestion”

“Extraction plant”

“FFB”
“FFB Reception and
Transfer”

“HMI”

“Hopper”

Three-dimensional space is a geometric 3-parameters model of the physical universe (without considering time) in which all known matter exists
A type of motor responsible for moving or controlling a mechanism or system
An algorithm is an effective method expressed as a finite list of well-defined instructions for calculating a function. Algorithms are used for calculation, data processing, and automated reasoning
Computer-aided design
A bridge, which can be raised to prevent or permit access, and is anchored at only one end with a counterweight system. The cantilever drawbridge is used with a horizontal steriliser to bridge the steriliser pit and the steriliser rail track line
Continuous Emission Monitoring System
The clarification process is where palm oil extracted is put through a process to separate the palm oil from its impurities such as water, cell debris, fibre and other non-oily solids
Crude palm oil
A burr is a raised edge or small pieces of material remaining attached to a workpiece after a modification process. It is usually an unwanted piece of material and is removed with a deburring tool in a process called ‘deburring’. Burrs are most commonly created after machining operations, such as grinding, drilling, milling, engraving or turning
A machine used to break up the residue of the pressed oil palm fruit discharged from the screw press and to separate the nuts from the fibres
A vertical cylindrical vessel which internally has a central shaft with arms that rotate and mesh up the fruitlets. This action breaks up the oil cells and conditions the fibre for pressing
Process of releasing oil in the oil palm fruit through the rupture or breaking down of oil-bearing cells which involves mashing of oil palm fruits under steam-heated conditions
The section in a paM designated for the processing of oil palm fruits for palm oil extraction
Fresh fruit bunches
A process within the marshalling yard where FFB is received and transferred from the loading dock and fed via a series of conveyors and feeding door systems before being put through the sterilisation process
Human-machine interface is the part of the machine that handles the human-machine interaction. Membrane SWitches, rubber keypads and touchscreens are examples of that part of the human-machine interface which we can see and touch
A container used for the reception and funnelling of SFB onto a conveyor for the transfer of SFB to the thresher
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I Company No.: 1001521-X I

GLOSSARY OF TECHNICAL TERMS (Cant’d)
“Hydrolysis”

“Marshalling yard”
“Mesocarp”
“OER”
“PLC”

 

“Pneumatic”
“Pressing”
“psi” “Purification”
“QMS” “Robo-REST”
“SCADA”
“Screw press”
“SFB” “Sterilisation”
“Thresher” “Threshing” “Thin-client”
“Tipper” A chemical decomposition in which a compound is split into other compounds by reacting with water
The section in a paM designated for material handiing
The fibrous layer of the oil palm fruit from where palm oil is extracted
Oil extraction rate
Programmable logic controller is a digital computer used for automation of electromechanical processes, such as control of machinery on factory assembly lines, amusement rides, or light fixtures. Unlike general-purpose computers, the PLC is designed for multiple inputs and output arrangements, extended temperature ranges, immunity to electrical noise, and resistance to vibration and impact
An application of pressured gas to produce mechanical motion
The pressing of digested oil palm fruits to physically extract palm oil from SFB
Pounds per square inch
The purification of palm oil is a process of separating the extracted palm oil from its impurities such as water, cell debris, fibre and other non-oily solids
Quality management systems
Robotic Rapid Equilibrated Sterilisation Technology, an automated sterilisation system which incorporates the processes described in UPM Intellectual Property
Supervisory control and data acquisition, generally refers to industrial control systems (computer systems) that monitor and control industrial, infrastructure or facility-based processes
A machine with twin screws that rotate in opposite directions. At the end of the screw press is a cone or a plate that exerts pressure on the mesh of fruitlets and nuts which is fed into the screw press from the digester from which palm oil is extracted from
Sterilised fruit bunches
A process where FFB is subjected to steam-heat treatment to facilitate the stripping of fruits and to prepare the fruit mesocarp for subsequent processing
A revolving drum designed to undertake the threshing of SFB
A process to detach sterilised oil palm fruits from the stalk
A computer or a computer program that depends heavily on some other computers (its server) to fulfil its computational roles
A machine used to rotate cages contained with SFB to feed the SFB into a Hopper
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