Technical Terms

surveillance systems”
“application programming interface” “barrier gates” “biometrics”
“biotechnology” “centralised control room”
“CISS” “cloud computing” “COM”
“controllers” Access control system, a type of security that manages and controls who or what is allowed entrance to a system, environment or facility. It identifies entities that have access to a controlled device or facility based on the validity of their credentials
A software framework developed by Microsoft for sharing information across different applications on different network
Systems that capture images for storage on video tapes and does not support real time broadcasting or remote monitoring
Automatic number plate recognition, a surveillance technology which uses character recognition on camera images to read a vehicle’s number plate
American National Standards Institute, the primary organisation for fostering the development of technology standards in the United States. ANSI works with industry groups and is the United States member of the ISO and the IEC
Software which is designed for the integration of two (2) or more different systems and to allow the exchange of information between these systems to achieve desired functions
Automated barrier which bars vehicles from entering and exiting a compound
The measurement and statistical analysis of a person’s physical or behavioral characteristics such as fingerprint and retina scanning
The use of biological processes, organisms or systems to manufacture products intended to improve the quality of human life
A room that is equipped with computers and software applications that receive, process and analyse data for monitoring purposes, manage devices remotely (i.e. control ELV systems such as ACS and CCTV remotely from the centralised control room) and to provide information to relevant parties (e.g. to contact the respond team / occupants in the bUilding in the event of a major incident, which includes, amongst others, accident and fire hazard)
Closed-circuit television, also known as video surveillance, is the use of video cameras to transmit a signal to a specific place on a limited set of monitors
Cabnet Integrated Security Solutions, a software that integrates various brands of CCTVs and ACS onto a single platform
A network of remote servers hosted on the Internet to store, manage, and process data
Component Object Model, a software framework developed by Microsoft after Windows 2000 era for different software applications to share and interchange data across Microsoft software
A hardware device that manages or directs the flow of data between two (2) entities or more, e.g. a device that allows ACS to link the card reader and push button
“digital-based surveillance systems”
“enterprise system integration services”
“grid computing”
“GX system”
“HD” “ICT’
“Internet of Things video surveillance”
“IT” High capacity switch generally positioned within the backbone or centre of a network. It selves as an interchange for data flow between different networks
Systems that allow images captured to be compressed and stored on the hard drive. It delivers a real time recording, viewing and monitoring through internet
Extra-low voltage in electricity supply refers to systems that operate on less than 50 AC (alternating current) voltage
Service to assist enterprise or corporate IT to consolidate IT equipment and resource into single manageable platform
A system of mUltiple interconnected computers where the unused processing capacities of interconnected computers can be utilised to solve complex issues that standalone computers are unable to solve
A base system that improves the integration of ARH Inc’s products with other hardware devices
High definition refers to a level of detail on screen that provides more fluid video and more vibrant colours
Information and communication technology is an umbrella term that includes any communication device or application, encompassing: radio, television, cellular phones, computer and network hardware and software
International Electrotechnical Commission is a non-profit, non­governmental international standards organisation that prepares and publishes international standards for all electrical, electronic and related technologies
The Internet is a global system of interconnected computer networks that use the IP suites (TCP/IP) to link several billion devices worldwide
Video monitoring and surveillance to remotely monitor the security via internet while away
Internet protocol, a protocol which controls how the network data is forwarded to the targeted destination by choosing correct paths across interconnected networks such as the Internet
International Organisation for Standardisation, the world’s largest developer of voluntary International Standards. International Standards give state of the art specifications for products, services and good practice, helping to make industry more efficient and effective. Developed through global consensus, they help to break down barriers to international trade
Integrated security system, an integration of single-branded I various brands of ACS, public address, intrusion detection, audio-visual monitoring, fire detection and alarm, and CCTV system as well as other security systems into a single platform
Information technology is the use of any computers, storage, networking and other physical devices, infrastructure and processes to create, process, store, secure and exchange all forms of electronic data

“managed switch”
“MATV system”
“micro-electro¬≠mechanical systems” “mounting accessories” “mounting brackets” “nanotechnology”
“network setup”
“network solution”
“network switches” “NVR”
“PA system”
“pipes” “power module” “Power Video
Application” or “PVA”
“Power Video Data” or
“Power Video
Gateway” or “PVG”

Local area network, a group of computers and associated devices that shares a common communications line or wireless link to a server within a small geographic area
A network switch with built-in management features to allow system administrators to monitor data traffic
Multiple access television system, a network of cables and specially designed components that process and amplify television and FM (frequency modulation) signals for distribution from one (1) central location to several other locations
Micrometre-scale devices which integrate mechanical and electrical elements
Fixture used to support or hold CCTV
A fixture in the shape of “L” or “U” used to mount various equipment onto 19″ equipment rack Science, engineering, and technology conducted at the nanoscale
i.e. between one (1) to 100 nanometers
To design, configure, install and connect network equipment (i.e. routers, switches, firewall) to link all the IT devices (i.e. servers, storage, CCTV) as an interconnected entity
Solution for corporate IT to setup a network (i.e. to setup wired and/or wireless network and to propose type of equipment for the network setup based on customer’s requirements and the layout of the area)
Network device to allow multiple personal computers to link together and interexchange data
Network video recorder, a software program that records video in a digital format to be stored in a disk drive, flash drive, memory card or other mass storage devices
A global and open industry forum with the goal to facilitate the development and use of a global open standard for the interface of physical IP-based security products, or in other words, to create a standard for how IP products within video surveillance and other physical security areas can communicate with each other
Public address system, an electronic sound amplification and distribution system with a microphone, amplifier, and loudspeakers
Metal or plastic tubes used to protect cables
Supply unit to empowering electronics devices
A video application that can integrate with the video command, traffic management, video database, images recognition and maintenance management features
A cloud computing solution for large video and image storage for efficient computing, retrieving and data analysis
An integrated video monitoring system that can run on multiple hardware, platforms and operating systems to provide cross network interaction
xiii “Power Video Investigation” or “PVI” “racking system”
“semantic technology”
“server solution”
“storage solution” “sub-controller”
“switches” “termination” “TCP”
“trunking” “Uninterrupted Power Supply” or “UPS”
“video processing” Video downloading and data collection software with the function of decoding, data analysis and video retrieval technologies
A metal enclosure to house IT equipment (such as server, switches, pitch panel and UPS)
A method of encoding software for efficient data processing, transmission and storage
IT hardware to store centralised information and data
Solution for corporate IT to perform centralise data processing and storage
Satellite master antenna television, a system that uses multiple satellites and broadcasts signals and integrates these signals into one (1) cable signal
Solution for corporate IT to store IT data in centralise and manageable location
A hardware devide that is installed between the controller and fields devices (such as sensors, locks, push button and card access reader)
IT hardware to allow mUltiple PC to link together and interexchange data
An act of connecting a connector for optimal data transfer and voice transmission
Transmission Control Protocol, commonly associated with IP to form TCP/IP which is the foundation protocol of the Internet. The protocol is widely used in network-based software application for establishing and maintaining a network connection for data exchange. For example, TCP is used in a web browser to ensure that the web browser can receive the contents sent from remote web server to be fully loaded and presented in a computer
The Telecommunications Industry Association is accredited by the AI\lSI to develop voluntary, consensus-based industry standards for a wide variety of ICT products. TIA develops guidelines for, amongst others, private radio equipment, cellular towers, data terminals, satellites, telephone terminal equipment, accessibility, voice over IP devices, structured cabling, data centers and mobile device communications
Metal or plastic casing used to protect cables
An equipment to provide power protection to device connected to it. It stabilises the input power and provide backup power via battery in the event input power gets cut-off
Unshielded Twisted Pair, a type of cable that consists of two (2) unshielded wires twisted around each other used in computer networking
Encoding and decoding of the digital video signals to connect the application to a hardware (i.e. CCTV)
xiv “VPI\I”
“wired communication”

A platform of computing using one hardware to host multiple logical servers on single equipment
Virtual private network, a network that is constructed by using public wires, usually the Internet, to connect to a private network, such as a company’s internal network for security purposes
Wide area network, a telecommunications network or computer network that extends over a large geographical distance
Transmission of data over wire-based communication technologies such as telephone networks, cable television or internet access, and fibre-optic communication
Transfer of data between two or more points that are not connected by an electrical conductor using wireless technologies such as radio waves, WiFi and Bluetooth
A technology that allows electronic devices to connect to the internet without the need for a physical wired connection
Extensible Markup Language, a text-based computer language for encoding document in a format that is both human-readable and machine-readable

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