Technical Terms

Adex AUR
Cloud service Coaxial Churn
DTH satellite
DVD HD TV with a horizontal resolution of 1920 pixels and a vertical resolution of 1080 pixels. 1080i HD is delivered via 50 or 60 interlaced fields per second, with every two subsequent fields combining to create a complete picture
HD TV with a horizontal resolution of 1920 pixels and a vertical resolution of 1080 pixels. 1080p is broadcast via full frames delivered sequentially (versus the interlaced fields in 1080i). 1080p typically refers to frame rates of 25, 30, 50 or 60 frames per second.
24 hours a day, seven days a week
Third generation digital wireless communications system which uses both circuit and packet switching technology and offers higher speed data transmission rates (between 64kbps to 384kbps)
HD TV with a horizontal resolution of 1280 pixels and a vertical resolution of 720 pixels. nop is delivered at either 50 or 60 complete frames per second
Advertising expenditure. Generally used to refer to the total advertising expenditure in the market as a whole
Average Unit Rate. AUR is calculated by dividing the total advertising revenue by the total number of utilised 3D-second advertising spots during a given period
Conditional access system, the technology used to control subscribers’ access to services, thereby ensuring that they only receive those services that they have subscribed for or which the service provider allows them to access. The CAS will scramble and encrypt content at the point of transmission, and will then ensure that the set-top box only decrypts and descrambles the signal if the set-top box is authorised to do so. This authorisation is done by matching a smart card or unique hardware identification to a database of entitlements and subscribers
Cloud service involves delivering computing services hosted by third party providers over the Internet
Copper-based cabling that is the most commonly used cable for transmitting video signals
The number of subscribers over a given period whose subscriptions have been terminated either voluntarily or involuntarily (as a result of non-payment), net of reconnections within a given period
A satellite capable of transmitting services directly to the reception equipment at the end-users’ premises. Such satellites are commonly located in geostationary orbit and use frequencies in the Ku-band at high power which permits direct reception using small, fixed satellite dish
Digital Video Broadcasting-Satellite -Second Generation, a standard set by the Digital Video Broadcasting consortium and ratified in 2005 for transmission of sounds and images to and from satellites
Digital Video Disc or Digital Versatile Disc, an optical storage medium commonly used to package video for distribution
xix Fibre broadband
Fibre optic
IT Kbps Ku-band
MAT Churn
MEASAT·3A The most widely used technology standard for the physical and data link layer of local area networks, referring to wired networking technology as defined in the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE) 802.3 standards. Ethernet cable refers to a cable using the ethernet standard to carry data transmissions, and terminate via a standard network connector and port
Broadband delivered via a fibre optic network, with practical current limits at up to 1000 Mbps, but typically used to deliver broadband below 30 to 40 Mbps
A means of providing high speed data transmission using pulses of light to send signals through glass fibres
Frequency modulation, commonly refers to the delivery of music and speech via terrestrial radio broadcast
Gigabyte(s) -one billion bytes of data
Gigahertz -one billion cycles per second
High-definition, commonly refers to, TV or video at a resolution of either 720p, 1080i or 1080p
HD TV referring to either a TV capable of receiving and properly displaying an HD resolution TV signal, or to HD TV services in general
Hypertext markup language, the development language for web pages
A vast computer network linking smaller computer networks worldwide. The Internet includes commercial, educational, governmental, and other networks, all of which use the same set of communications protocols
Internet protocol; a standard that keeps track of network addresses for different nodes, routes outgoing messages, and recognises incoming messages
IP TV, generally referring to multi-channel digital TV distributed over a managed IP network with a managed quality of service and dedicated bandwidth
Kilobits per second -one thousand bits per second
Microwave frequency spectrum in the range of 10.7 GHz to
14.8 GHz, typically reserved and used for satellite based communications and broadcast services, such as DTH satellite TV services
MAT (moving annual total) Churn is computed by dividing the sum of Churn over the last 12 months with the average active residential customer base over the same period
Megabits per second -one million bits per second
The Malaysia East Asia Satellite-3 which currently broadcasts Astro Malaysia’s DTH multi-channel subscription and non-subscription TV services to Malaysia and Brunei, located at 91.5 degrees east geostationary orbit
The satellite that is co-located with MEASAT-3
Residential ARPU
Telemovie(s) Transponder(s) TV
The satellite that is planned for launch in 2014, to be co­located with MEASAT-3 and MEASAT-3A
Megahertz -one million cycles per second
Digital compression standard for the generic coding of moving pictures and associated audio information. Established by the Moving Pictures Experts group. This is the earliest generation digital coding standard capable of supporting HD video signals
A later generation follow-on standard to MPEG2, MPEG4 is a more efficient method of encoding, resulting in 20.0% to 30.0% bandwidth savings versus an MPEG2 encoding of the same signal
Near video-on-demand; transmission of a programme across a number of TV channels at staggered starting times to allow the viewer to watch the programme at a preferred time
Over-the-Top, refers to the ability to deliver a service to an end user over a third party’s network or the open Internet, usually in reference to video services
Personal computer
Personal Video Recorder, refers to a set-top box with a hard disk drive installed inside it, on which recordings of broadcast TV signals passing through the set-top box can be saved and viewed at a later time
Average Revenue Per User. ARPU is the monthly average revenue per residential pay-TV subscriber (excluding NJOI, our non-subscription satellite TV subscribers). ARPU is calculated by dividing the monthly average revenue derived from active pay-TV residential subscribers over the financial year/period with monthly average number of active pay-TV residential subscribers during the financial year/period
Radio Frequency refers to any frequency within the electromagnetic spectrum associated with radio wave propagation. The RF signal is normally used to carry information such as data, voice, video and audio from the originating source to the destination device in a wireless form (over the air)
Standard definition, commonly refers to TV or video at a resolution of 625 interlaced lines of resolution, derived from the European-developed Phase Alternating Line (“PAL”) and Sequential Color with Memory systems and 525 interlaced lines based on the American National Television System Committee system. PAL 625 lines has been adopted as the SD standard in Malaysia
Short message service; a service whereby mobile telephone users may send and receive text messages
Movies made for TV
A device mounted on a satellite that receives, converts and retransmits radio frequency signals
WiFi Households with at least one TV set. In the Malaysian context, we only consider Malaysian citizens as part of TV households and exclude non-citizens
Ultra high frequency; commonly refers to frequency reserved for terrestrial TV or free-to-air broadcasts
Video Compact Disc, use of a compact disc as digital storage of a video file for playback
Video-on-Demand, the common phrase for a service where the user can choose a programme from a menu or Jist, and instantly begin watching it from the start. The delivery of VOD is usually a ‘unicast’ -a one-to-one delivery method, versus a broadcast, which is a one-to-many delivery method
A popular computer networking technology for the wireless transmission and receipt of data via radio waves. WiFi refers specifically to wireless networking based on the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE) 802.11 standards
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